Overload, anxiety and depression in caregivers of patients included in the home care program
María Gloria Corbalán Carrillo, Óscar Hernández Vian, Montserrat Carré Catases, Georgina Paul Galcerán, Blanca Hernández Vian, Corpus Marzo Duque
The main objective is to determine the degree of burden of caregivers, describe the prevalence of anxiety and depression and the relationship among these pathologies and burden. Descriptive cross-sectional study. Variables: age, sex, relationship, patient´s diseases, caregiver´s anxiety and depression. We use the Zarit scale to determine the degree of burden. 48 caregivers and 48 patients were included. Statistical significant differences were obtained between burden and caregiver´s sex (p = 0.037). Women have greater burden (87%). Anxiety and depression´s prevalence is smaller than other studies. The significant difference between burden and sex can be due to the traditional caregiver´s rol among women. (Men search social help before.) The burden degree is bigger than other studies. This study can help to develop intervention programs to prevent burden and to give priority to female and age caregivers.
Burden, anxiety, depression, caregivers.